Acne has a prevalence of over 90% among teenagers and persists into adulthood in approximately 12%–14% of cases.
Acne unfortunately comes with psychological and social implications that can cause many problems.
All body areas with high concentrations of pilosebaceous glands are involved, but in particular the face, back and chest are the main areas where acne can produce.
Acne occurs when hair follicles become clogged with dead skin cell and oil from the skin.
Acne vulgaris or simply acne is a common human skin disease, characterized by areas of skin with seborrhea (scaly red skin), comedones (blackheads and whiteheads), papules (pinheads), nodules (large papules), pimples, and possibly scarring.
Inﬂammatory acne lesions can result in permanent scars, the severity of which may depend on delays in treating acne patients.
A lot of people think that delaying acne treatment won’t become a problem, but it actually tends to cause bigger issues.
How to Get Rid of Acne Scars (Causes of the problem)
One of the causes of acne scarring is picking at pimples and the intense use of skincare products that are supposed to help in fighting the infection and which leave their mark on our skin.
In addition to that, other factors that don’t seem to have anything to do with skin related issues, in fact are such as constipation in its chronic form.
Stress has been blamed for most of the ills of our time and for a good reason and surprising or not, it is also one of the underlying causes of acne scars.
A hectic lifestyle doubled by an unequally unhealthy diet are going to exacerbate the symptoms so try to make amends if you want to get rid of acne scars permanently.
Here are some contributing causes that can add to your skin’s lack of healing, such as:
- Poor diet or eating habits
- Chronic constipation
- Stressful Living conditions
- Lifestyle habits
The prevalence and severity of acne scars in the population has not been well studied, although the available literature is usually correlated to the severity of acne.
Researchers showed that over 2133 volunteers aged 18 to 70 from the general population had nearly 1% of which had acne scars, although only 1 in 7 of these were considered to have “disﬁguring scars”.
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Severe acne scar caused by acne is associated with substantial physical and psychological distress, particularly in adolescents.
The pathogenesis of acne is currently attributed to multiple factors such as:
- Increased sebum production
- Alteration of the quality of sebum lipids
- Androgen activity
- Proliferation of Propionibacterium acnes within the follicle.
Increased sebum excretion contributes to the development of acne, acne scars, whiteheads and blackheads.
Neutral and polar lipids produced by sebaceous glands serve a variety of roles in signal transduction and are involved in biological pathways.
This means that your skin comes with its own set of biochemical reactions, and can favor acne development if your skin is prone to it.
Additionally, fatty acids act as ligands of nuclear receptors, which can cause more acne depending on your fatty acid levels.
Sebaceous gland lipids exhibit direct pro- and anti-inﬂammatory properties, whereas the induction of chemicals and toxins in pathways in sebocytes leads to the production of pro-inﬂammatory lipids, which can cause acne.
Acne scaring can develop faster and more problematic all depends on the biochemical process and reactions of the skin.
Furthermore, hormones like androgens control sebaceous gland size and sebum secretion. This can cause acne to develop into its different forms such as blackheads, and whiteheads.
Pilosebaceous follicles in acne scars are surrounded by macrophages expressing pro-inflammatory responses on their surface.
The activation leads to a triggering of the transcription nuclear factor and thus the production of cytokines is observed in acne scars and lesions.
All these events stimulate the pro-inflammatory process, follicular rupture, and perifollicular abscess formation, which stimulate the wound healing process. Injury to the skin initiates a cascade of wound healing events.
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This can further develop acne scars into hard scars, or scars that might not go away as fast as you would hope.
Wound healing is one of the most complex biological process and involves soluble chemical mediators, extracellular matrix components, parenchymal resident cells as keratinocytes, ﬁbroblasts, endothelial cells, nerve cells, and inﬁltrating blood cells like lymphocytes, monocytes, and neutrophils, collectively known as immunoinﬂammatory cells.
Acne Scars originate in the site of tissue injury and may be atrophic or hypertrophic.
The wound healing process progresses through 3 stages: inﬂammation, granulation tissue formation, and matrix remodeling.
All these can impede or speeds up acne formation and healing depending on each individuals biochemical skin process.
Blanching occurs secondary to vasoconstriction for hemostasis. After the blood ﬂow has been stopped, vasodilatation and resultant erythema replace vasoconstriction. Melanogenesis may also be stimulated.
This step plays an important role in the development of post acne erythema and hyperpigmentation.
A variety of blood cells, including granulocytes, macrophages, neutrophils lymphocytes, ﬁbroblasts, and platelets, are activated and release inﬂammatory mediators, which ready the site for granulation tissue formation.
Researchers showed that by examining biopsy specimens of acne lesions from the back of patients with severe scars and without scars, Holland found that the inﬂammatory reaction at the pilosebaceous gland was stronger and had a longer duration in patients with scars versus those without.
In addition, the inﬂammatory reaction was slower in those with scars versus patients who did not develop scars.
They showed a strong relationship between severity and duration of inﬂammation and the development of scarring, suggesting that treating early inﬂammation in acne lesions may be the best approach to prevent acne scars.
How to get rid of acne scars using natural remedies
Here are a few natural ways to get rid of acne scars:
Using a cotton ball, apply the juice of freshly squeeze lemons or limes to your acne scars. Allow the skin to soak up the juice acids before rinsing away with water. Lemon juice has been known to improve the appearance of dark acne scars by making them lighter.
Try applying grated cucumber over the face, neck, and eyes for the treatment of pimples and blackheads. Dab on your scars for 45 minutes and wash off with plain cool water.
Get yourself a big healthy plant, break off a succulent leaf and squeeze out the jelly and apply direct to the acne scars. Apply the aloe vera gel several times daily to soothe and repair.
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Tomatoes being rich in magnesium, potassium and vitamin C&A are excellent solution for treating acne naturally. It promotes cellular regeneration and keeps the skin glowing and clear from any blemishes and scars. Slice the tomato to get the juice a mixed with few drops of lemon juice.
Let it sit for 20 minutes and then wash off with tepid water.
Fenugreek leaves paste
Take fresh fenugreek or methi leaves and make them into a fine paste. Apply this paste directly on your pimple/acne marks and leave it for 15-20 minutes before rinsing them off. You can also boil Fenugreek seeds in water and use the solution on acne scars after it cools down.
Just grab a cotton ball and dip it in the boiled fenugreek seeds and apply to the affected area.
One of the most effective natural remedies to remove acne scars is to use the fresh milk cleanse everyday. Lactic acid in milk will not only help fade the scars, but also make your skin brighter and smoother. You can mix equal parts of fresh milk with oatmeal and a few drops of lemon juice, apply on face for 30 minutes then rinse with warm water.
The lactic acid and citric acid in these two (respectively) help in lightening the scars.
Hydration is an important part of skin repair and very much needed if you want to treat acne scars. Believe it or not by drinking more than the recommended 8 glasses of water daily will truly help to get rid of your acne scars.
Water helps keep the skin plumped up, removes toxins, and builds new cells.
If you are a severe acne suffer you should stay away from carbonated drinks, and caffeine drinks such as coffee, and sodas.
Vitamin E oil
Vitamin E oil capsules are great supplements for glowing, beautiful skin, but the capsules can actually be used readily for post-acne scars. All you have to do is prick a Vitamin E capsule and rub the oil over the post acne scar. Do this everyday to see best results.
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How to get rid of pimples
Nutrition can be a natural and effective approach to controlling pimples and acne.
Fresh fruits, vegetables, whole grains and some essential fats help a person achieve glowing clear skin.
Also, it is easy and also important to incorporate your daily diet and nutrition with some necessary fibers, vitamins and nutrients that fight this problem of acne.
Here are some nutritional remedies that could help you get rid of acne in a very efficient way.
Folic acid helps in the building of new cells and tissues in the body.
How is building of new cells important?
It actually fights the acne and helps us retain the clear and growing skin.
Leafy vegetable, avocado, spinach, beans have some high percentage of the nutritional fiber which acts against acne, and consuming the above containing folate would help us get rid of acne.
Vitamin B6 helps our body produce other chemicals, which in turn pose as a challenge in fighting acne, as these chemicals released also help in fighting other infections in the body.
Whole grains, walnuts, eggs, avocado, sunflower seeds are some of the delicious and edible supplements which one can take to fight acne, as they contain Vitamin B6.
Though Vitamin B6 can also be taken as a supplement alone, it is advisable to have nuts and seeds which already contain vitamin B6 in them as they are healthy and tasty, and also a great, fast and easy remedy to fight against acne.
Vitamin A helps in the maintenance of cell in the body. Foods that are packed with this super acne-fighting power are usually red, orange and deep yellow.
Red and yellow bell peppers, carrots, potatoes, mangoes, peaches are examples of Vitamin A supplement, which are tasty enough to consume, and can be consumed anytime and anywhere.
But, there are some exception like carrots, cooked carrots with the addition of a little fat provides more of Vitamin A in the body than consuming carrots in the raw form.
One must be very careful while consuming Vitamin A, as it is one vitamin which is stored in the body and therefore consuming too much of it can be very hazardous to our health. Vitamin E is an antioxidant in the body.
It protects the cells in our body from free radicals, which damage the cells and tissues in our body.
A diet high in antioxidants has proven beneficial in fighting infection, fighting against acne and prevents future breakouts. Brown, red and black rice, avocados, seeds, nuts contain a high amount of this antioxidant, and consuming them would not only prevent acne, but also prevent the formation of scars on our skin.
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Also certain fats like the Omega-3 and Omega-6 are some essential fats required in the body which not only help in preventing acne, but also help in the development of the immune system and helps in the formation and acquirement of healthy, clear and glowing skin.
They also help in the prevention of premature aging of the skin. Some of the best food delectable to find these fat essentials are tuna, sardine, salmon, olive oil, hemp oil and cold-water fish.
Honey for acne removal
Honey is a natural antiseptic and many people use it as mask to help soothe and heal their skin.
However, if you are allergic to bees, it’s probably not a good idea to use honey.
Honey is superb for healing burns and small cuts. It’s also a humectant, which means it helps keep your skin moisturized.
Because of all of these amazing qualities, honey is thought to treat acne as well. I mean, it’s antibacterial, it helps with wound healing, and it even keeps your skin hydrated. What more could you ask for?
But of course, there is always a catch.
Honey will help clear your skin if your acne is from bacterial problems, but if your acne is from hormones, irritation, or any of the other numerous causes of acne, then honey probably won’t do much at all.
It could help soothe existing breakouts and heal irritated skin, which could help improve your complexion, but it won’t make acne disappear and never come back.
There are many different types of honey. Manuka honey is supposed to be the best one out of all of them, followed by raw honey.
They are both much more expensive than regular honey, but their benefits are worth the extra money.
Using Salt for acne solution
History of Salt as an acne-solution Salt is used to dry up the upper part of the pimple, thus removing the redness. Salt has detoxifying qualities.
There are different types of salt but sea salt works best because it has more detoxifying qualities compared to the other types.
Sea salt, sometimes called bay salt or solar salt, is obtained from the evaporation of seawater. It’s mainly used in cooking and cosmetics.
Have you ever gone swimming at the beach, and noticed that your acne improved or your skin became noticeably healthier?
Well that’s because the ocean is full of salt! Sea salt acne treatments are affective for several reasons. Sea salt is antibacterial, an astringent, and a good source of nutrients vital to your skin’s health.
When applied to your skin, sea salt creates a hyper-tonic environment, which causes water to diffuse out of the acne bacteria through a process called osmosis.
Basically, the bacteria become dehydrated and die from lack of water. Because of this, salt has been used throughout history as a wound disinfectant.
As an astringent, salt water causes the skin to contract helping to push all the dead skin cells, oil, and bacteria out of your pores.
Another reason to use sea salt for acne is because it’s a good source of magnesium, which most people are deficient in.
Magnesium is an essential mineral to all parts of our body, skin included. It helps our cells regulate over 325 enzymes, and other nutrients important to fighting acne, such as potassium, zinc, and vitamin D.
Benefits Saltwater has many known uses to easing ailments, but it does show promise in treating acne.
In fact, it can kill bacteria and soothe dry skin. By hydrating your skin and reducing irritation, it can prevent excessive oil production, which is often responsible for acne breakouts.
Saltwater can also be used as an exfoliator and can generally improve the texture of your skin.
Unfortunately, saltwater isn’t the best acne treatment for everyone. Though it’s useful in treating infections and killing bacteria, it can cause a layer of salt to build up on your skin, making any cleanser you use unable to produce a lather.
This can prevent proper cleansing and might even cause new acne blemishes to form. If you use saltwater too much, you might experience dry skin as well.
Those with dry skin or sensitive skin shouldn’t use saltwater as an acne treatment. In fact, this could make your skin look even worse and cause serious irritation.
If you notice that your skin is irritated after going to the beach, you should probably avoid using saltwater as an alternative acne treatment.